Flagging can be used for 'case/adpositional marking', and the verb to flag can be used for 'to mark by case/adposition'.
The term flag is not at all widely known, but the alternatives based on case have the disadvantage of biasing the terminology toward case, while the alternatives based on relation/relator have the disadvantage that the underlying concept of relation is extremely broad.
- relator (but this term tends to be used even more broadly, including also coordinators and subordinators)
- case marker (Kilby 1981, Croft 2003:33)
- relational morpheme (Croft 2003:33)
- case marking element (Kilby 1981)
- case relator (used by Christian Lehmann)
- functeme (proposed by Claude Hagège in a July 2006 LINGTYP contribution)
The term had some currency in Relational Grammar in the 1970s and 1980s. An early attestation is in Johnson & Postal (1980). Recently it has been used in a typological context in Haspelmath (2005).
- "5. Flagging: Tzotzil uses prepositions and so-called 'relational nouns' to mark NPs for their grammatical or thematic relations — to FLAG them, in the terminology of relational grammar." (Aissen 1987:11)
- Aissen, Judith L. 1987. Tzotzil clause structure. Dordrecht: Reidel.
- Croft, William. 2003. Typology and universals. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Haspelmath, Martin. "Argument marking in ditransitive alignment types." Linguistic Discovery 3.1:1-21. download
- Johnson, David E. & Postal, Paul M. 1980. Arc Pair Grammar. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
- Kilby, David. 1981. "On case markers." Lingua 54:101-133.
- German Flagge