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Relativization is a process by which a relative clause (e.g. the man [who you see e]) is derived from an underlying non-relative clause (the man [you see the man]). The derivation includes NP-deletion under identity (the man), insertion of a relative pronoun (who), and wh-movement. This analysis has been replaced by one in which relative pronouns are base-generated.



  • Chomsky, N. 1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Smits, R.J.C. 1989. The relative and cleft constructions of the Germanic and Romance languages, doct. diss. KUB, Tilburg, Dordrecht: Foris, 1988.