Kildin Saami

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Kildin Saami
Autoglottonym: (Kīllt) Sāmʼ kīll
Pronunciation: [{{{Pronunciation}}}]
Ethnologue name: Saami, Kildin
OLAC name: {{{OLACname}}}
Location point: 37dE 67dN
Genealogy
Family: Uralic
Genus: Peninsula-East-Saamic
Speakers
Country: Russian Federation
Official in: not an official language
Speakers: {{{Speakers}}}
Writing system: {{{WritingSyst}}}
Codes
ISO 639-3: {{{ISO3}}}

Kildin Saami is a seriously endangered East-Saamic (Uralic) language spoken in the Russian Federation.

Contents

Name

Pronunciation: [(kiːlːˠt) saːmʲ kːlːˠ]

The name Kildin is borrowed from Russian кильдин-/kilʼdin-, the name for an island on the Barents Sea coast close to present-day Murmansk. The name of the island goes back to a Kildin Saami word kīllt, which originally referred only to the rather peripheral Kīllt dialect of this language.

Location

Kildin Saami is spoken on the Kola peninsula in northwesternmost Russia.

Speakers

The number of active speakers is estimated at around 100 (2011).[1]

Dialects

  • Arsjogk
  • Kīllt
  • Koardegk
  • Lejjavvʼr (†)
  • Lujavvʼr
  • Māziell`k (†)

Classification

Uralic
Saamic
East-Saamic
Peninsula-East-Saamic

Links

Works on the language

  • Blokland, Rogier and Michael Rießler. 2011. Saami-Russian-Komi contacts on the Kola Peninsula. Language contact in times of globalization, ed. by Cornelius Hasselblatt, Peter Houtzagers and Remco van Pareren. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 5–26.
  • Kert, Georgij M. 1971. Saamskij jazyk. Leningrad: Nauka.
  • Scheller, Elisabeth. 2011. The Sámi language situation in Russia. Ethnic and linguistic context of identity, ed. by Riho Grünthal and Magdolna Kovács. Helsinki: SUS. 79–96.

References

  1. Scheller 2011

See also

Survey articles on Kildin Saami

Other languages