Well-formedness condition

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Well-Formedness Condition (WFC) is a condition which governs the way the CV skeleton has to be associated with the melody tier. In a simplified form the WFC says that

(a) Every CV skeletal slot must be associated with at least
one melody element and every melody element must be
associated with at least one appropriate C or V slot.
(b) Association lines must not cross.

The (b) clause of the WFC is also known as the No-Crossing Constraint.



  • Goldsmith 1976. Autosegmental phonology, PhD diss. MIT, Cambridge MA. Distributed by IULC, published by Garland Press, New York, 1979.
  • McCarthy, J. 1981. A prosodic Theory of Nonconcatenative Morphology, Linguistic Inquiry 12, pp. 373-418
  • Spencer, A. 1991. Morphological Theory, Blackwell, Oxford.
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