Verb-framing vs. satellite-framing

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The terms verb-framing and satellite-framing are used for two different types of languages or constructions (Talmy 1985): In verb-framed constructions, information about a path of movement is expressed in a verb (e.g. exit, enter, pass), whereas in satellite-framed constructions, information about a path is expressed outside the verb (by s satellite), e.g. by adverbial particles (out, in, past).


These terms were not used in Talmy's seminal 1985 article, but have only been introduced in later work (Talmy 1991).


  • Slobin, Dan. 2004. The many ways to search for a frog: linguistic typology & the expression of motion events. In S. Strömqvist & L. Verhoeven eds. Relating Events in Narrative. Vol 2, 219-257. Mahwah, NJ: LEA.
  • Talmy, Len. 1985. Lexicalization patterns.
  • Talmy, Len. 1991. Path to realization: A typology of event conflation. Berkeley Linguistics Society 17: 480-519.
  • Talmy, Len. 2000. Toward a cognitive semantics. Volume 1: Concept structuring systems. Volume 2: Typology and process in concept structuring. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.