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Parasynthesis is a word formation process by means of which a discontinuous affix or circumfix is added to a base.


the addition of the Dutch discontinuous nominal circumfix ge-..-te to underived nouns is an example of parasynthesis: berg 'mountain' - gebergte 'mountains', been 'bone, leg' - gebeente 'bones'.


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics


  • Haas, W. de & M. Trommelen 1992. Morfologisch Handboek van het Nederlands, SDU, Den Haag.
  • Schultink, H. 1987. Discontinuity and multiple branching in morphology, in: Crespo, Dotson-Smith & Schultink (eds.) Aspects of language. Studies in honour of Mario Alinei (vol.II), 481-491, Rodopi, Amsterdam.
  • Spencer, A. 1991. Morphological Theory, Blackwell, Oxford.