Metrical phonology is a cover term which refers to several non-linear theories of stress. The non-linear theory of the representation of stress as introduced by Liberman (1975) and Liberman & Prince (1977) is a direct reaction to the linear analysis of stress proposed within the Sound Pattern-framework developed by Chomsky & Halle (1968), in which stress is considered a property of individual segments (i.e. vowels). In metrical phonology, stress is seen as a relational property obtaining between constituents, expressed in metrical trees as a binary relation between sister nodes which are labeled weak or strong. The theory of metrical phonology is further developed by e.g. Hayes (1980), Prince (1983), Kager (1989) and others.
- Chomsky, Noam A. & Halle, Morris. 1968. The sound pattern of English. New York: Harper & Row.
- Hayes, B. (1980) A Metrical Theory of Stress Rules, PhD diss., MIT.
- Kager, R. (1989) A Metrical Theory of Sress and Destressing in English and Dutch, PhD diss. Utrecht University.
- Liberman, M. and A. Prince (1977) On Stress and Linguistic Rhythm, Linguistic Inquiry 8, pp. 249-336
- Prince, A. (1983) Relating to the Grid, Linguistic Inquiry 14, pp.19-100