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In morphology, a macroparadigm is a notion which is introduced in Carstairs (1987) to refer to a collection of paradigms which are distinct in phonologically, morphosyntactically or semantically predictable ways.


Compare the following three Hungarian verbal paradigms:

 stem	olvas	 'read' ül	'sit'   mond	 'say'
 1 sg.	olvas-ok	ül-ök	 	mond-ok
 2 sg.	olvas-ol	ül-sz	 	mond-asz
 3 sg.	olvas		ül		mond
 1 pl.	olvas-unk	ül-ünk 		mond-unk
 2 pl.	olvas-tok	ül-tök 		mond-otok
 3 pl.	olvas-nak	ül-nek	 	mond-anak
 ('s' = [s], 'sz' = [s])

Carstairs assumes that these three verbs belong to the same macroparadigm, since the variation is fully predictable. First, stems with back vowels (olvas, mond) select back vowel suffixes (-ok, -unk), while verb stems with front vowels select front vowels. This variation is due to a rule of vowel harmony. Second, if a consonant cluster of three members arises this is split up by an epenthetic vowel. Third, in the 2sg. form a stem ending in a sibilant takes the suffix -ol/-el, while other stems take -sz (or a variant).


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics


Other languages

German Makroparadigma