First Order Projection Condition
First Order Projection Condition is a condition proposed in Selkirk (1982) which says that
All non-SUBJ arguments of a lexical category Xi must be satisfied within the first order projection of Xi (where the first order projection of a category Xi is the category that immediately dominates it, whether in word structure or in syntactic structure).
The FOPC is Selkirk's (1982) counterpart of Roeper & Siegel's (1978) First Sister Principle (FSP). The FOPC as well as the FSP are intended to account for (i) the relationship between he drives a truck, truck driver, and driver of trucks, (ii) the difference in well-formedness between the compounds truck driver, on the one hand, and *quick driver (next to drive a truck quickly), and *child driver (next to a child drives a truck) on the other. The FOPC and the FSP are not equivalent. The difference has to do with the data in (i)-(iii):
(i) eater of pasta in trees (ii) * tree eater of pasta (iii) * pasta eater in trees
The FOPC accounts for the ungrammaticality of both (ii) and (iii), since one of the non-SUBJ arguments of eat is not realized within its first order projection (= tree eater in (ii) and pasta eater in (iii)). The FSP has no explanation for the ungrammaticality of (iii).
- Roeper, T. and D. Siegel 1978. A Lexical Transformation for Verbal Compounds, Linguistic Inquiry 9, pp. 199-260
- Selkirk, E. O. 1982a. The Syntax of Words, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
- Spencer, A. 1991. Morphological Theory, Blackwell, Oxford.