The elements combined in coordination are called coordinands.
In the coordinated phrase the moon and the sun, the two coordinands are the moon and the sun.
- term (of coordination)
- member (of coordination) (e.g. Bloomfield 1933:195)
- coordinated unit
- coordinate (in Hudddleston & Pullum 2002)
The term coordinand was apparently coined by R.M.W. Dixon and used, for instance, in his grammar of Fijian (Dixon 1988:161). It was taken up by Haspelmath (2004) and Haspelmath (2007).
- "Coordinand: This term is introduced in the present chapter for the units that are combined in a coordinate construction (cf. Dixon 1988:161, where I have found this term used in the same sense). There is no traditional term for this concept. Dik (1968) uses the term term (of a coordination). Sometimes the term conjunct is used as a synonym of coordinand (just as conjunction is sometimes used as a synonym of coordination), but this is confusing and should be avoided." (Haspelmath 2007:50)
- Bloomfield, Leonard. 1933. Language. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
- Dixon, R. M. W. 1988. A grammar of Boumaa Fijian. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
- Haspelmath, Martin. 2007. Coordination. In: Shopen, Timothy (ed.) Language typology and syntactic description, vol. II. Cambridge: Cambridge university Press, 1-51.