Cleft

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In generative syntax, a Cleft construction can be derived from a non-cleft construction by introducing one of its elements.

Examples

Say X, in a clause having the form It be X, and by turning the rest into a relative clause. Two cleft versions of (i) are given in (ii):

(i) We saw John
(ii) a It was John [who we saw e]
     b It was John [that we saw e]

See also

pseudo-cleft

Link

Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics

Reference

Smits, R.J.C. 1989. The relative and cleft constructions of the Germanic and Romance languages. Diss. KUB, Tilburg. Dordrecht: Foris.