Bracketed grids

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In phonology, bracketed grids are a representation of stress combining aspects of grid (only) theory and tree (only) theory.


The stress pattern of the English word apalachicola can be represented by the following bracketed grid (cf. Halle & Vergnaud, 1987):

* *
(* .) (* .) (* .)
apa lachi cola


Grids as hierarchically layered structures are provided with constituent information indicated by parentheses.


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics


  • Halle, M. & Vergnaud, J.-R. 1987. An Essay on Stress. Cambridge: MIT-Press.
  • Hammond, M. 1984. Constraining Metrical Theory: a modular theory of rythm and destressing. Bloomington, Indiana: IULC.
  • Hayes, B. 1987. A Revised Parametric Metrical Theory. NELS 17 (1), 274-289.
  • Hayes, B. 1991. Metrical Stress Theory: principles and case studies. ms. Los Angeles.
  • Kager, R. 1989. A Metrical Theory of Sress and Destressing in English and Dutch. PhD diss. Utrecht University.