Bare argument ellipsis

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Bare argument ellipsis is a kind of ellipsis in which only a single constituent remains and everything else in a clause is deleted.

  • “...a rule that deletes everything in a clause under identity with corresponding parts of a preceding clause, except for one constituent (and sometimes a clause-initial adverb or negative)” (Hankamer & Sag 1976: 409).


  • Pedro left La Paz, and María as well.
  • Laura drank the milk last night, or perhaps the juice.
  • I met Aisha yesterday, but not her daughter.



  • Depiante, M. (2000). The syntax of deep and surface anaphora: A study of null complement anaphora and stripping/bare argument ellipsis. Ph.D Dissertation, University of Connecticut.
  • Hankamer, Jorge & Sag, Ivan. 1976. Deep and surface anaphora. Linguistic Inquiry 7(3).391– 426.
  • Kolokonte, M. (2006). Bare Argument Ellipsis and Polarity in Modern Greek. First Newcastle Postgraduate Conference in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Newcastle University, United Kingdom.