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In the linguistics of Basque, allocutive verb forms are forms that vary depending on the social status of the addressee.

  • "Allocutivity refers to the encoding in the conjugated verb form of an addressee that is not an argument of the verb. Allocutivity is obligatory in Basque main clauses when the addressee is given familiar treatment." (Hualde & Ortiz de Urbina 2003:242)


  • Hualde, José Ignacio & Ortiz de Urbina, Jon (eds.) 2003. A grammar of Basque. (Mouton Grammar library, 9.) Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Haase, Martin. 1994. Respekt: Die Grammatikalisierung von Höflichkeit. München/Newcastle: Lincom Europa.

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