Affix Ordering Generalization
According to Siegel (1974) class I affixes in English such as -ion, -ity, -al and -ive trigger and undergo phonological processes, while class II affixes such as -ness, -less, -ful and -ly do not (e.g. op[ei]que: op[æ]city: op[ei]queness (Trisyllabic Shortening),párent: paréntal: párentless (Stress shift)). Next to these differences it appears that class I affixes cannot appear outside class II affixes (*hopefulity).
Some well-known exceptions to the Affix Ordering Generalization are discussed in Aronoff (1976).
- Allen, M.R. 1978. Morphological Investigations. PhD diss. Univ. of Connecticut.
- Aronoff, M. 1976. Word Formation in Generative Grammar. MIT-press, Cambridge, Mass.
- Chomsky, Noam A. & Halle, Morris. 1968. The sound pattern of English. New York: Harper & Row.
- Halle, M. & K.P. Mohanan. 1985. Segmental phonology of Modern English. Linguistic Inquiry 16, 57-116.
- Siegel, D. 1974. Topics in English Morphology. PhD diss. MIT, Cambridge, Mass.
- Sproat, R. 1985. On Deriving the Lexicon. PhD diss. MIT.