Adjunct

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Adjunct is a constituent in an adjoined position.

  • "Adjuncts (of place, time, manner, reason, etc....) are optional, or structurally dispensable, constituents of the sentence: they may be removed without affecting the remainder of the sentence." (Lyons 1968:334)

Examples

In [X Y [X ...]] Y is Chomsky -adjoined to X.

(i) John killed Bill in Central Park on Sunday.

(ii) John killed Bill in Central Park.

(iii) John killed Bill.

Comment

Usually the term 'adjunct' refers to base-generated adjuncts only.

Other languages

German Adjunktion Chinese 附加语

Link

Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics

Reference

Lyons, John. 1968. Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.