Difference between revisions of "Skolt Saami"
|Line 42:||Line 42:|
Revision as of 19:04, 15 January 2013
|Ethnologue name:||Saami, Skolt|
|Country:||Finland, Norway, Russian Federation|
|Official in:||Finland (Inari)|
Skolt Saami is one of the five living Eastern Saamic languages. The name "skolt" is derived from the Scandinavian "skalle" meaning "scull", however the Skolt Saami people themselves prefer to be referred to as "Eastern Saami" since "Skolt" is perceived to be more negative. Skolt Saami, Inari Saami and Akkala Saami are spoken on the mainland and Kildin Saami and Ter Saami are peninsular languages. There are estimated to be about 330-340 speakers, with the majority of whom (about 300) living in Finland, with Russia (about 30 speakers) and Norway (with 3 speakers) the other two countries where it is spoken. Since the Skolt Saami populations are distributed over these three countries and not all Skolt Saami acquire the language, Skolt Saami is considered a minority language which is threatened by extinction. Almost all of its speakers are bilingual.