Difference between revisions of "Specifier"

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==Definition==
 
In the [[X-bar theory]] of [[generative syntax]], the '''specifier''' is the position which is directly dominated by the [[maximal projection]] of X: [<sub>XP</sub> specifier X].  
 
In the [[X-bar theory]] of [[generative syntax]], the '''specifier''' is the position which is directly dominated by the [[maximal projection]] of X: [<sub>XP</sub> specifier X].  
  
 
Many different functions are being assigned to this position, depending on the [[category]] of X, such as [[Determiner]] of [[NP]], [[degree element]] of [[AP]], [[subject]] of [[IP]], or [[modifier]] ([[adverb]] or even [[auxiliary]]) of [[VP]]. (One version of) the VP-internal Subject Hypothesis holds that Spec,VP is the [[D-structure]] position of the verb's external argument. In many analyses of [[movement]] (see [[bounding theory]]), the specifier position plays an important role as an intermediate [[landing site]] (or [[escape hatch]]) for [[A-bar movement]].
 
Many different functions are being assigned to this position, depending on the [[category]] of X, such as [[Determiner]] of [[NP]], [[degree element]] of [[AP]], [[subject]] of [[IP]], or [[modifier]] ([[adverb]] or even [[auxiliary]]) of [[VP]]. (One version of) the VP-internal Subject Hypothesis holds that Spec,VP is the [[D-structure]] position of the verb's external argument. In many analyses of [[movement]] (see [[bounding theory]]), the specifier position plays an important role as an intermediate [[landing site]] (or [[escape hatch]]) for [[A-bar movement]].
  
=== Links ===
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== Links ==
 
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[http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/zoek.pl?lemma=Specifier&lemmacode=244 Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics]
 
[http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/zoek.pl?lemma=Specifier&lemmacode=244 Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics]
  
=== References ===
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== References ==
 
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* Chomsky, N. 1986b. ''Barriers,'' MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
 
* Chomsky, N. 1986b. ''Barriers,'' MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  
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[[Category:Generative grammar]]
 
[[Category:Generative grammar]]
  
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Latest revision as of 10:00, 4 November 2014

Definition

In the X-bar theory of generative syntax, the specifier is the position which is directly dominated by the maximal projection of X: [XP specifier X].

Many different functions are being assigned to this position, depending on the category of X, such as Determiner of NP, degree element of AP, subject of IP, or modifier (adverb or even auxiliary) of VP. (One version of) the VP-internal Subject Hypothesis holds that Spec,VP is the D-structure position of the verb's external argument. In many analyses of movement (see bounding theory), the specifier position plays an important role as an intermediate landing site (or escape hatch) for A-bar movement.

Links

Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics

References

  • Chomsky, N. 1986b. Barriers, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
STUB