Difference between revisions of "Specificity condition"

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==Definition==
 
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'''Specificity Condition''' is a condition on [[movement]] which states that movement out of specific [[NP]]s leads to worse results than movement out of non-specific NPs. This is shown by the contrast in (i) (showing ''wh''-movement out of a definite NP) and (ii) (''wh''-movement out of a non-specific indefinite NP). Also known as Specificity Constraint.
 
'''Specificity Condition''' is a condition on [[movement]] which states that movement out of specific [[NP]]s leads to worse results than movement out of non-specific NPs. This is shown by the contrast in (i) (showing ''wh''-movement out of a definite NP) and (ii) (''wh''-movement out of a non-specific indefinite NP). Also known as Specificity Constraint.
  
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       b   who did you see [more pictures of t]
 
       b   who did you see [more pictures of t]
  
=== Links ===
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== Links ==
 
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[http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/zoek.pl?lemma=Specificity+Condition&lemmacode=242 Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics]
 
[http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/zoek.pl?lemma=Specificity+Condition&lemmacode=242 Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics]
  
=== References ===
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== References ==
 
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* Chomsky, N. 1986b. ''Barriers,'' MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
 
* Chomsky, N. 1986b. ''Barriers,'' MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
 
* Chomsky, N. 1973. ''Conditions on transformations,'' in: S.R. Anderson & P. Kiparsky, A festschrift for Morris Halle, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.
 
* Chomsky, N. 1973. ''Conditions on transformations,'' in: S.R. Anderson & P. Kiparsky, A festschrift for Morris Halle, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.

Latest revision as of 09:59, 4 November 2014

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Definition

Specificity Condition is a condition on movement which states that movement out of specific NPs leads to worse results than movement out of non-specific NPs. This is shown by the contrast in (i) (showing wh-movement out of a definite NP) and (ii) (wh-movement out of a non-specific indefinite NP). Also known as Specificity Constraint.

(i)  a	 *who did you see [that picture of t]
     b	 *who did you see [John's picture of t]
(ii) a	  who did you see [three pictures of t]
     b	  who did you see [more pictures of t]

Links

Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics

References

  • Chomsky, N. 1986b. Barriers, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Chomsky, N. 1973. Conditions on transformations, in: S.R. Anderson & P. Kiparsky, A festschrift for Morris Halle, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.
  • Fiengo, R. & J. Higginbotham 1981. Opacity in NP, Linguistic Analysis 7-4, pp.395-421