Speaker's reference is the reference that a noun phrase has in virtue of what the speaker chooses it to be, as distinguished from the semantic reference, that it has in virtue of its meaning. Kripke (1977) argued that referential noun phrases and attributive noun phrases have the same semantic reference but possibly different speaker's references.
- Kripke, S.A. 1977. Speakers Reference and Semantic Reference, in:P.A. French, T.E. Uehling, and H.K. Wettstein (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language, University of Minnesota Press:Minneapolis.