Difference between revisions of "PIE root *wert-"

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Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008): ''Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon''. Leiden / Boston: Brill.

Revision as of 08:43, 12 January 2011

Meaning: 'to turn' [1]

IEW 1156-8; LIV² 691f.

Reconstructed stems

Aorist1a *wért-/wrt-

Hittite anda wartanzi 'turn in' [2]

Vedic avart 'has turned' [3]

Present5a *wért-o/e-

Vedic vártate 'turns'

Latin uertor, uertī 'to turn'

Perfect *we-wórt/wrt-

Vedic vāvárta, vavárta 'turns, has turned'

Old Latin uortī 'turned'

Causative *wort-éjo/e-

Vedic vartáyati 'turns (tr.)'




Greek ἀπό-ερσε 'tore away'


OCS ob-vrъnǫti sę 'to turn'

Tocharian B wärnāmane 'turning'


  1. For intransitive meaning, cf. the intransitive active root aorist in Vedic as well as the Latin perfect
  2. Kloekhorst 2008: 978
  3. Active root aorist with middle present, synonymous mediopassive root aorist varti, avrtran (rebuilt to s-Aorist avrtsata) see Narten 1961: 248-9


Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008): Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon. Leiden / Boston: Brill.