Difference between revisions of "Kirgiz"

From Glottopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(catfix (cat:LANG is hyperonym of cat:Single language))
(including notes on alternative spellings from Kirghiz)
Line 16: Line 16:
 
}}
 
}}
 
[this article is preliminary and needs to be corrected; it serves primarily illustrative purposes]
 
[this article is preliminary and needs to be corrected; it serves primarily illustrative purposes]
 +
 
===Name===
 
===Name===
The spelling ''Kirgiz'' is now generally preferred by linguists (see Kirchner 1998:542).
+
Although the spelling ''Kirgiz'' is now generally preferred by Turkic linguists (see Kirchner 1998:542), ''Kirghiz'' is is also sometimes used to indicate the fricative pronunciation of the onset of the second syllable.
  
Alternative names are
+
Other alternative names are
*[[Kirghiz]]
+
*Kyrgyz
*[[Kyrgyz]]
+
*Kara-Kirgiz
*[[Kara-Kirgiz]]
+
  
The name [[Western Kirgiz]] has also been applied to [[Kazakh]].
+
Note that the name ''Western Kirgiz'' has also been applied to [[Kazakh]].
  
 
===Location===
 
===Location===
Line 66: Line 66:
 
*Indonesian [[Bahasa Kirgiz]]
 
*Indonesian [[Bahasa Kirgiz]]
 
*Spanish [[kirguís]]
 
*Spanish [[kirguís]]
 +
  
 
[[Category:En]]
 
[[Category:En]]
 
[[Category:Single language]]
 
[[Category:Single language]]
 
[[Category:Turkic]]
 
[[Category:Turkic]]

Revision as of 18:22, 4 February 2013

Kirgiz
Autoglottonym: кыргыз тили
Pronunciation: [{{{Pronunciation}}}]
Ethnologue name: Kirghiz
OLAC name: {{{OLACname}}}
Location point: 42dN 75dE
Genealogy
Family: Altaic
Genus: Turkic
Speakers
Country: Kyrgyzstan
Official in: Kyrgyzstan
Speakers: {{{Speakers}}}
Writing system: {{{WritingSyst}}}
Codes
ISO 639-1: ky
ISO 639-2: kir --
ISO 639-3: {{{ISO3}}}
MPIExt1: KDOXXX

[this article is preliminary and needs to be corrected; it serves primarily illustrative purposes]

Contents

Name

Although the spelling Kirgiz is now generally preferred by Turkic linguists (see Kirchner 1998:542), Kirghiz is is also sometimes used to indicate the fricative pronunciation of the onset of the second syllable.

Other alternative names are

  • Kyrgyz
  • Kara-Kirgiz

Note that the name Western Kirgiz has also been applied to Kazakh.

Location

Kirgiz is spoken mostly in Kyrgyzstan, but also in neighboring areas of Russia, Tajikistan and China.

Speakers

According to the latest official figures, there are 1,452,354 million speakers in Kyrgyzstan (Berdullaev 2001), and 233,321 speakers in Russia. No official figures are available for Tajikistan and China, but Comrie (1989:54) gives an estimate of 80,000 for China.

Dialects

Classification

Validity

The reasons for classifying Kirghiz as Northern Turkic are given by Baskakov (1956:...).

Alternative Classifications

Kirgiz has alternatively been classified as belonging to the Aralo-Caspian group of Western Turkic (see Dybo 2001). The main reason for this is the similarities in the voice system.

Links

Wikipedia article

References

  • Berdullaev 2001. ...
  • Comrie 1989. The languages of the Soviet Union.
  • Dybo, Anna. 2001. ...
  • Kirchner, Mark. 1998b. Kirgiz. In Lars Johanson and Éva Á. Csató, eds., The Turkic languages, pp. 344-356. London: Routledge.

Works on the language

  • Hebert, Raymond J., and Nicholas Poppe. 1963. Kirghiz Manual. Indiana University Publications, Uralic and Altaic Series 33. Bloomington: Indiana University.
  • Junusaliev, B.M. 1966. Kirgizskij Jazyk. In V.V. Vinogradov, ed., Jazyki Narodov SSSR, Volume 2: Tjurkskie Jazyki, pp. 482-504. Moscow and Leningrad: Nauka.
  • Oruzbaeva, B.O. 1997. Kirgizskij jazyk. In E.R. Tenishev, ed., Jazyki mira: Tjurkskie jazyki, pp. 286-298. Moscow: Indrik.

Other languages