Difference between revisions of "Glottopedia:Dictionary articles"

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(Dictionary articles)
 
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'''Definizioni enciclopediche''' ([[:Category:DICT]]) sono un tipo di articolo che spiega e fornisce informazioni basiche riguardo termini tecnici della linguistica. Si differenziano dagli articoli di ricerca, in quanto questi ultimi sono relativi a specifici fenomeni.
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'''Dictionary articles''' ([[:Category:DICT]]) are a [[Glottopedia:Article types|type of article]] that explains and gives basic information about [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Technical terms|technical terms]] of linguistics. They contrast with [[Glottopedia:Survey articles|survey articles]], which are articles about particular phenomena.
  
Tutti gli articoli devono avere una struttura simile: dovrebbero essere composti da sezioni con titoli identici e nello stesso ordine. Solo la prima sezione  ([[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Definition|Definitione]]) é obbligatoria. Alcune delle sezioni saranno irrilevanti per qualche ragione. In generale, una sezione non esistente rappresenta un lavoro ancora non iniziato.  
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All ordinary dictionary articles should have a very similar structure: They should consist of sections with identical headings and occur in the same order. Only the first section ([[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Definition|Definition]]) is obligatory. Some of the sections will be irrelevant for some terms. In most cases, however, a nonexisting section means that the work of writing it has not been done yet.
  
Esistono, inoltre, diversi tipi di definizioni enciclopediche(vedi sotto).
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In addition, there are several special types of dictionary articles (see below).
  
Tutte le definizioni enciclopediche possono anche contenere delle citazioni da lavori rilevanti in letteratura, dove il termine é menzionato(definito, criticato, se ne discute l'origine, ecc). (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Quotations|Quotations]].)
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All dictionary articles may also contain '''quotations''' from prominent places in the literature where the term is mentioned (defined, criticized, its orgin discussed, etc.). (See [[Glottopedia:Quotations|Quotations]].)
  
===Definizioni enciclopediche ordinarie===
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===Ordinary dictionary articles===
  
Di seguiti una lista ordinata delle sezioni delle entrate enciclopediche:
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Here is an ordered list of dictionary article sections:
  
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*'''Definition''': This section contains a succinct definition of the term, usually in a single complete sentence. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Definition|Definition]].)
  
*'''Definizione''': Questa sezione contiene una definizione concisa del temine, generalmente in un'unica frase. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Definition|Definition]].)
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*'''Term properties''': This section may contain information on pronunciation, inflection, and derivational possibilities. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Term properties|Term properties]].)
  
*'''Proprietà del termine''': Questa sezione può contenere informazioni o pronuncia, flessione e possibilità derivazionali. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Term properties|Term properties]].)
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*'''Examples''': This section may contain concrete examples of the phenomenon described by the term. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Examples|Examples]].)
  
*'''Esempi''': Questa sezione può contenere esempi concreti del fenomeno descritto dal termine. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Examples|Examples]].)
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*'''Comments''': This section is for any kinds of comments on the definition or on the term. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Comments|Comments]].)
  
*'''Commenti''': Questa sezione é per ogni tipo di commento riguardo la definizione o il termine. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Comments|Comments]].)
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*'''Subtypes''': This section may contain a list of subtypes of the phenomenon. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Subtypes|Subtypes]].)
  
*'''Sottotipi''': Questa sezione può contenere una lista dei sottotipi del fenomeno in esame. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Subtypes|Subtypes]].)
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*'''Polysemy''': This section may contain a list of other meanings that this term also has. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Polysemy|Polysemy]].)
  
*'''Polisemia''': Questa sezione può contenere una lista di significati aggiuntivi del termine. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Polysemy|Polysemy]].)
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*'''Synonyms''': This section may contain a list of other terms that also have this meaning. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Synonyms|Synonyms]].)
  
*'''Sinonimi''': Questa sezione può contenere una lista di altri termini che condividono lo stesso significato. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Synonyms|Synonyms]].)
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*'''Origin''': This section may contain information on the origin and history of the term. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Origin|Origin]].)
  
*'''Origine''': Questa sezione può contenere informazioni riguardo l'origine e la storia del termine. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Origin|Origin]].)
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*'''See also''': This section may contain a list of linked related terms that are relevant but that do not appear in any of the other sections (e.g. [[relative pronoun]] in the article [[relative clause]]). (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/See also|See also]].)
  
*'''Vedi anche''': Questa sezione può contenere una lista di collegamenti a termini relazionati a quello in esame ma che non appaiono in nessun'altra sezione. (es. [[relative pronoun]] nell'articolo [[relative clause]]). (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/See also|See also]].)
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*'''References''': This section contains a list of full references corresponding to the author-year references mentioned elsewhere in the article. (See [[Glottopedia:References|References]].)
  
*'''Bibliografia''': Questa sezione contiene una lista di riferimenti bibliografici corrispondenti all'autore e all'anno della citazione che appare in una sezione dell'articolo. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:References|References]].)
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*'''Other languages''': This section may contain the equivalents of the term in other languages. (See [[Glottopedia:Multilingual|Multilingual]].)
  
*'''Altre lingue''': Questa sezione puó contenere gli equivalenti del termine in altre lingue. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Multilingual|Multilingual]].)
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Additional sections may sometimes be appropriate. (See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Other sections|Other sections]].) For conventions regarding article titles, see [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Technical terms|Technical terms]].
  
Sezioni aggiuntive possono essere appropriate in qualche caso. (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Other sections|Other sections]].) Per convenzioni riguardo i titoli degli articoli, vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Technical terms|Technical terms]].
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===Special types of dictionary articles===
  
===Tipi speciali di definizioni enciclopediche===
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====Abbreviations====
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Abbreviations that are commonly used should also get dictionary articles of their own, not just redirects. See [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Abbreviations|Abbreviations]].
  
====Abbreviazioni====
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====Hypotheses and approaches====
Abbreviazioni che sono comunemente usate dovrebbero avere una definizione enciclopedica specifica, non solo reindirizzamenti. Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Abbreviations|Abbreviations]].
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Dictionary articles dealing with named hypotheses, claims, principles, theories and approaches (such as [[laryngeal theory]], [[Lexical Integrity Principle]], [[theta criterion]], [[Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar]], [[Tagmemics]]) have a different structure (see [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Hypotheses and approaches|Hypotheses and approaches]]). Unlike ordinary concepts, they cannot be '''defined''', but only '''characterized''' or '''spelled out'''.
  
====Ipotesi e approcci====
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===Other languages===
Definizioni enciclopediche che affrontano ipotesi note, controversie, principi, teorie e approcci (come [[laryngeal theory]], [[Lexical Integrity Principle]], [[theta criterion]], [[Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar]], [[Tagmemics]]) hanno una struttura diversa (Vedi [[Glottopedia:Dictionary articles/Hypotheses and approaches|Hypotheses and approaches]]). Diversamente dalle definizioni ordinario, questi non possono essere definiti, ma solo caratterizzati o scritti.
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German [[Glottopedia:Wörterbuchartikel]]
  
===Altre lingue ===
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[[Category:En]]
English [http://www.glottopedia.org/index.php/Glottopedia:Dictionary_articles Glottopedia:Dictionary articles]
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German [http://www.glottopedia.org/index.php/Glottopedia:W%C3%B6rterbuchartikel Glottopedia:Wörterbuchartikel]
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[[Category:It]]
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[[Category:Guideline|Dictionary articles]]
 
[[Category:Guideline|Dictionary articles]]

Latest revision as of 22:49, 12 July 2017

Dictionary articles (Category:DICT) are a type of article that explains and gives basic information about technical terms of linguistics. They contrast with survey articles, which are articles about particular phenomena.

All ordinary dictionary articles should have a very similar structure: They should consist of sections with identical headings and occur in the same order. Only the first section (Definition) is obligatory. Some of the sections will be irrelevant for some terms. In most cases, however, a nonexisting section means that the work of writing it has not been done yet.

In addition, there are several special types of dictionary articles (see below).

All dictionary articles may also contain quotations from prominent places in the literature where the term is mentioned (defined, criticized, its orgin discussed, etc.). (See Quotations.)

Ordinary dictionary articles

Here is an ordered list of dictionary article sections:

  • Definition: This section contains a succinct definition of the term, usually in a single complete sentence. (See Definition.)
  • Term properties: This section may contain information on pronunciation, inflection, and derivational possibilities. (See Term properties.)
  • Examples: This section may contain concrete examples of the phenomenon described by the term. (See Examples.)
  • Comments: This section is for any kinds of comments on the definition or on the term. (See Comments.)
  • Subtypes: This section may contain a list of subtypes of the phenomenon. (See Subtypes.)
  • Polysemy: This section may contain a list of other meanings that this term also has. (See Polysemy.)
  • Synonyms: This section may contain a list of other terms that also have this meaning. (See Synonyms.)
  • Origin: This section may contain information on the origin and history of the term. (See Origin.)
  • See also: This section may contain a list of linked related terms that are relevant but that do not appear in any of the other sections (e.g. relative pronoun in the article relative clause). (See See also.)
  • References: This section contains a list of full references corresponding to the author-year references mentioned elsewhere in the article. (See References.)
  • Other languages: This section may contain the equivalents of the term in other languages. (See Multilingual.)

Additional sections may sometimes be appropriate. (See Other sections.) For conventions regarding article titles, see Technical terms.

Special types of dictionary articles

Abbreviations

Abbreviations that are commonly used should also get dictionary articles of their own, not just redirects. See Abbreviations.

Hypotheses and approaches

Dictionary articles dealing with named hypotheses, claims, principles, theories and approaches (such as laryngeal theory, Lexical Integrity Principle, theta criterion, Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Tagmemics) have a different structure (see Hypotheses and approaches). Unlike ordinary concepts, they cannot be defined, but only characterized or spelled out.

Other languages

German Glottopedia:Wörterbuchartikel