Gender (grammar)

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Gender is an inflectional dimension used on referring expressions to designate semantic class membership of their denotatum.

  • "By the term gender is here meant any grammatical class-division presenting some analogy to the distinction in the Aryan languages between masculine, feminine and neuter, whether the division be based on the natural division into the two sexes, or on that between animate and inanimate, or on something else." (Jespersen 1924:226)


Traditionally, the distinction between natural gender (which designates the biological sex of animate referents) and grammatical gender (categorisations which depend on other, culturally specific criteria) has attracted much attention.

List of genders


See also


genus Lat.

The term 'gerder' itself derives from an extremely general word meaning 'class' or 'kind'.


Other languages