Difference between revisions of "Gapping"

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[[Category:Syntax]]
 
[[Category:Syntax]]
 
Gapping was introduced by Ross (1967) as a conjunction reduction rule that deletes the repeated verbs in coordinate structures. See the following example from English where the application of gapping on (1a) results in (1b).
 
Gapping was introduced by Ross (1967) as a conjunction reduction rule that deletes the repeated verbs in coordinate structures. See the following example from English where the application of gapping on (1a) results in (1b).
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(1) Gapping (borrowed from Ross 1967):
 
(1) Gapping (borrowed from Ross 1967):
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(b) The boy works in a skyscraper and the girl in a quonset hut.
 
(b) The boy works in a skyscraper and the girl in a quonset hut.
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Some languages have "forward gapping" as shown in English (1) above, the common verb in the second conjunct clause is deleted. However, some languages have "backward gapping", thus the common verb from the first conjunct clause may also be deleted.
 
Some languages have "forward gapping" as shown in English (1) above, the common verb in the second conjunct clause is deleted. However, some languages have "backward gapping", thus the common verb from the first conjunct clause may also be deleted.

Revision as of 00:19, 29 June 2008