Difference between revisions of "Base (in morphology)"

From Glottopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(from LP)
 
(russian term added)
Line 12: Line 12:
 
===Other languages===
 
===Other languages===
 
*German [[Basis]]
 
*German [[Basis]]
 +
*Russian [[основа]]
  
 
{{dc}}
 
{{dc}}
 
[[Category:Morphology]]
 
[[Category:Morphology]]

Revision as of 21:59, 5 January 2008

In morphology, a base is a bigger unit to which an affix attaches or to which a morphological process applies.

  • "I shall try to use the term root to refer to a single morpheme which bears the 'core' meaning of a word. The term stem will be reserved for that part of a word to which inflectional affixes are added, and base for that part to which any other morpheme is added (inflectional, derivational, compound). Unfortunately, this terminology isn't standardized..." (Spencer 1991: 461)

Synonym

  • stem (though this term is somewhat narrower, applying mostly to bases of inflectional affixes or processes)
  • host (though this term is more commonly used in relation to clitics)

Reference

Spencer, Andrew. 1991. Morphological theory. Oxford: Blackwell.

Other languages