In the following sentences, the italicized noun phrases (or adpositional phrases) are arguments:
- Tasaku bought a ticket on Friday.
- Please give my regards to your husband.
- On the boat the passengers rely on the captain.
Arguments are typically contrasted with adjuncts, i.e. noun phrases or adpositional phrases that are not syntactically required, but serve to modify the clause or another constituent.
Argument also refers to
- an argument of a function (in mathematical logic)