Difference between revisions of "Agreement"

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*Agreement of [[article]] and [[adjective]] with [[noun]] in [[number]] and [[gender (morphology)|gender]]:
 
*Agreement of [[article]] and [[adjective]] with [[noun]] in [[number]] and [[gender (morphology)|gender]]:
  
Spanish ''l-a casa nuev-a'' 'the new house', ''el libro nuev-o'' 'the new book', ''l-as casas nuev-as'' 'the new houses', ''l-os libros nuev-os'' 'the new books'
+
Spanish  
 +
 
 +
(1)''l-a casa nuev-a''  
 +
 
 +
'the new house',  
 +
 
 +
(2)''el libro nuev-o''  
 +
 
 +
'the new book',  
 +
 
 +
(3)''l-as casas nuev-as''  
 +
 
 +
'the new houses',  
 +
 
 +
(4)''l-os libros nuev-os''  
 +
 
 +
'the new books'
  
 
*Agreement of [[verb]] with [[subject]] noun phrase:
 
*Agreement of [[verb]] with [[subject]] noun phrase:
  
German ''ich kauf-e'' 'I buy', ''du kauf-st'' 'you(SG) buy', ''er kauf-t'' 'he buys', ''wir kauf-en'' 'we buy', ''ihr kauf-t'' 'you(PL) buy', ''sie kauf-en'' 'they buy'
+
German  
 +
 
 +
(5)''ich kauf-e''  
 +
 
 +
'I buy',  
 +
 
 +
(6)''du kauf-st''  
 +
 
 +
'you(SG) buy',  
 +
 
 +
(7)''er kauf-t''  
 +
 
 +
'he buys',  
 +
 
 +
(8)''wir kauf-en''  
 +
 
 +
'we buy',  
 +
 
 +
(9)''ihr kauf-t''  
 +
 
 +
'you(PL) buy',  
 +
 
 +
(10)''sie kauf-en''  
 +
 
 +
'they buy'
  
 
===Synonyms===
 
===Synonyms===

Revision as of 21:46, 27 January 2008

Agreement refers to a widespread syntactic situation in which a target element agrees with a controller element in some morphosyntactic feature.

  • "The term ' 'agreement' ' commonly refers to some systematic covariance between a semantic or formal property of one element and a formal property of another." (Steele 1978:610)

Examples

Spanish

(1)l-a casa nuev-a

'the new house',

(2)el libro nuev-o

'the new book',

(3)l-as casas nuev-as

'the new houses',

(4)l-os libros nuev-os

'the new books'

German

(5)ich kauf-e

'I buy',

(6)du kauf-st

'you(SG) buy',

(7)er kauf-t

'he buys',

(8)wir kauf-en

'we buy',

(9)ihr kauf-t

'you(PL) buy',

(10)sie kauf-en

'they buy'

Synonyms

  • concord (but this term is often differentiated from agreement in various ways)
  • congruence (this term is very rare in English, but German Kongruenz is the standard term for agreement)

Subtypes

References

other languages