Difference between revisions of "Agreement"

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===Examples===
 
===Examples===
 
 
*Agreement of [[article]] and [[adjective]] with [[noun]] in [[number]] and [[gender (morphology)|gender]]:
 
*Agreement of [[article]] and [[adjective]] with [[noun]] in [[number]] and [[gender (morphology)|gender]]:
  
Spanish ''l-a casa nuev-a'' 'the new house', ''el libro nuev-o'' 'the new book', ''l-as casas nuev-as'' 'the new houses', ''l-os libros nuev-os'' 'the new books'
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Spanish:
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*(1)''l-a casa nuev-a'' ('the new house')
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*(2)''el libro nuev-o'' ('the new book')
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*(3)''l-as casas nuev-as'' ('the new houses')
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*(4)''l-os libros nuev-os'' ('the new books')
  
 
*Agreement of [[verb]] with [[subject]] noun phrase:
 
*Agreement of [[verb]] with [[subject]] noun phrase:
  
German ''ich kauf-e'' 'I buy', ''du kauf-st'' 'you(SG) buy', ''er kauf-t'' 'he buys', ''wir kauf-en'' 'we buy', ''ihr kauf-t'' 'you(PL) buy', ''sie kauf-en'' 'they buy'
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German:
  
===Synonyms===
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*(5)''ich kauf-e'' ('I buy')
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*(6)''du kauf-st'' ('you(SG) buy')
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*(7)''er kauf-t'' ('he buys')
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*(8)''wir kauf-en'' ('we buy')
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*(9)''ihr kauf-t'' ('you(PL) buy')
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*(10)''sie kauf-en'' ('they buy')
  
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=== Syntax ===
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Recently, it has been proposed that agreement is the relation between a specific head [[AGR]] and its [[specifier]] (= [[specifier-head agreement]]). Subject-verb agreement is then reduced to agreement between AGR, which is a [[functional projection]] of the agreeing verb, and the element (the subject) in the specifier position of the AGRP. Likewise, assignment of [[structural Case]] is reduced to spec,head agreement. <br />
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===Synonyms===
 
* [[concord]] (but this term is often differentiated from agreement in various ways)
 
* [[concord]] (but this term is often differentiated from agreement in various ways)
 
* [[congruence]] (this term is very rare in English, but German [[Kongruenz]] is the standard term for agreement)
 
* [[congruence]] (this term is very rare in English, but German [[Kongruenz]] is the standard term for agreement)
  
 
===Subtypes===
 
===Subtypes===
 
 
*[[anaphoric agreement]], [[grammatical agreement]]
 
*[[anaphoric agreement]], [[grammatical agreement]]
 
*[[alliterative agreement]]
 
*[[alliterative agreement]]
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*[[rich agreement]]
 
*[[rich agreement]]
  
===References===
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=== Link ===
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* [http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/zoek.pl?lemma=Agreement&lemmacode=1008 Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics]
  
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===References===
 
*[[Greville G. Corbett|Corbett, Greville G.]] 2006. ''Agreement.'' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
*[[Greville G. Corbett|Corbett, Greville G.]] 2006. ''Agreement.'' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
*[[Steele, Susan]]. 1978. "Word order variation: a typological study." In: [[Greenberg, Joseph H.]] & [[Ferguson, Charles A.]] & [[Moravcsik, Edith A.]] (eds.) ''Universals of human language, vol. 4: Syntax.'' Stanford: Stanford University Press, 585-623.
 
*[[Steele, Susan]]. 1978. "Word order variation: a typological study." In: [[Greenberg, Joseph H.]] & [[Ferguson, Charles A.]] & [[Moravcsik, Edith A.]] (eds.) ''Universals of human language, vol. 4: Syntax.'' Stanford: Stanford University Press, 585-623.
  
===other languages===
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===Other languages===
 
*German [[Kongruenz]]
 
*German [[Kongruenz]]
 
*Russian [[согласование]]
 
*Russian [[согласование]]
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*Czech [[shoda]]
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{{dc}}
 
{{dc}}
 
[[Category:Agreement|!]]
 
[[Category:Agreement|!]]

Latest revision as of 10:27, 3 August 2014

Agreement refers to a widespread syntactic situation in which a target element agrees with a controller element in some morphosyntactic feature.

  • "The term ' 'agreement' ' commonly refers to some systematic covariance between a semantic or formal property of one element and a formal property of another." (Steele 1978:610)

Examples

Spanish:

*(1)l-a casa nuev-a ('the new house') 
*(2)el libro nuev-o ('the new book') 
*(3)l-as casas nuev-as ('the new houses') 
*(4)l-os libros nuev-os ('the new books')

German:

*(5)ich kauf-e ('I buy') 
*(6)du kauf-st ('you(SG) buy') 
*(7)er kauf-t ('he buys') 
*(8)wir kauf-en ('we buy') 
*(9)ihr kauf-t ('you(PL) buy') 
*(10)sie kauf-en ('they buy')

Syntax

Recently, it has been proposed that agreement is the relation between a specific head AGR and its specifier (= specifier-head agreement). Subject-verb agreement is then reduced to agreement between AGR, which is a functional projection of the agreeing verb, and the element (the subject) in the specifier position of the AGRP. Likewise, assignment of structural Case is reduced to spec,head agreement.

Synonyms

  • concord (but this term is often differentiated from agreement in various ways)
  • congruence (this term is very rare in English, but German Kongruenz is the standard term for agreement)

Subtypes

Link

References

Other languages