From Glottopedia
Revision as of 14:04, 14 May 2010 by Rolf Theil (talk | contribs)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

An adjective is a member of a word class whose members most typically express properties.

Term properties

The corresponding relational adjective is adjectival.


Typical adjective meanings are 'old', 'young', 'big', 'small', 'good', 'bad', 'red', 'blue', 'quick'.



The term adjective goes back to antiquity, Latin (nomen) adjectivum, literally 'attached (noun)'. (In the earlier grammatical terminology, adjectives were a subclass of noun; see noun (Latin nomen).)


  • Dixon, R. M. W. & Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (eds.) 2004. Adjective classes: A cross-linguistic typology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Вольф Е.М. Грамматика и семантика прилагательного. М.: Наука, 1978.

other languages