Absolutive case

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In syntax, the absolutive case is the case of the single argument of an intransitive verb and the most patient-like argument of a transitive verb.

See monotransitive alignment for further details.


The term absolutive is also used for a converb in Indic linguistics.



This term apparently originates in Eskimo linguistics, perhaps with Kleinschmidt (1851).


  • Kleinschmidt, Samuel. 1851. Grammatik der grönländischen Sprache mit teilweisem Einschluß des Labradordialekts. Berlin.

Other languages

German Absolutiv Swedish absolutiv Russian абсолютив