Portal:Semantics

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Semantics
This portal presents the most central topics in the study of meaning.

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Contents

Fundamental issues

Meaning and use
Arbitrariness of the sign -- Context dependence -- Cooperative Principle -- Descriptive meaning -- Emotive meaning -- Felicity condition -- Fixed-context assumption -- Gricean maxims -- Implicature -- Meaning -- Meaning postulate -- Meaning theories -- Non-descriptive meaning -- Use-mention distinction

Denotation and reference
Binding -- Cataphoric relation -- Connotation -- Cumulative reference -- Denotation -- Extension -- Equivalence -- Icon -- Iconicity -- Individual constant -- Individual term -- Individual variable -- Intension -- Koreferenz -- Reference -- Symbol

Interpretation and truth
Analytic truth -- Assignment -- Axiom -- Compositionality Principle -- Contingent truth -- Covert category -- Dual (semantics) -- External negation -- Idiom -- Internal negation -- Interpretation -- Interpretive rules -- Katz-Postal-principle -- Left downward monotonicity -- Left upward monotonicity -- Meaning postulate -- Modal logic -- Monotonicity -- Name -- Narrow scope -- Necessary truth -- Opaque context -- Rigid designator -- Truth

Semantic metalanguage
Atomic formula -- Aussagenlogik -- Boolesche Operatoren -- Formula -- Funktionale Applikation -- Interpretation function -- Lambda-abstraction -- Lambda-operator -- Metalanguage -- Meta-variable -- Predicate logic

Major branches of semantics

Lexical semantics
Ambiguity -- Antonym -- Cohyponym -- Complementary -- Converses -- Equipollent antonyms -- Holonym -- Hyperonym -- Hyponym -- Kohyponym -- Lexical ambiguity -- Lexical semantics -- Meronym -- Opposition -- Overlapping antonyms -- Reversives -- Synonymy

Sentence semantics
Affected object -- Agent -- Anomaly -- Argument -- Arity -- Beneficiary -- Case relation -- Case role -- Conditional sentence -- Contradiction -- Declarative sentence -- Direktive -- Echo question -- Equivalence -- Ergativität -- Exclamative sentence -- Experiencer -- Expressive -- Homonymy -- Illocutionary force -- Imperative -- Implication -- Implicature -- Irrealis -- Jussiv -- Kāraka -- Kohortativ -- Kommissiv -- Konditional(is) -- Konjunktiv -- Kutscherimperativ -- Modality -- Mutuant -- Negation -- Optativ -- Predicate

Situation semantics
Alethische Modalität -- Epistemische Modalität -- Event time -- Internally caused situation -- Modality -- Mutual situation

Major approaches to semantic analysis

Cognitive semantics
Base -- Cognitive grammar -- Cognitive semantics -- Construal -- Conceptualization -- Frame Semantics -- Mental space -- Profile -- Ambiguity, Polysemy and Vagueness -- Metaphors in Politics

Formal semantics
Generalized Quantifier Theory -- Generative Semantics -- Intensional logic -- Katz-Fodor-semantics -- Logical semantics -- Model -- Model theory -- Montague Grammar -- Predicate logic -- Proof theory

Structuralist semantics
Componential analysis -- Conceptual Structure -- Semantic feature -- Sense relation

Prototype semantics
Basic category -- Family resemblance -- Gestalt psychology -- Prototype -- Prototype theory -- Focal Colors -- Basic Color Terms

Lexico-grammatical domains

Nominal semantics
Abstract noun -- Attributive use -- Bare plural -- Collective noun -- Concrete noun -- Conservativity -- Count noun and mass noun -- Definite -- Definite description -- Definite description -- Determiner -- Dvanda compound -- Endocentric compound -- Existential interpretation -- Exocentric compound -- Generic interpretation -- Inalienable possession -- Mass noun

Adjectival semantics
Absolute adjectives -- Attributive adjective -- Comparative -- Extensional adjective --Intensional adjective -- Predicative adjective -- Relational adjectives -- Superlative

Verbal semantics
Aspect -- Aspectual classes -- Absentive -- Collective predicate -- Completive aspect -- Distributive predicate -- Factive predicate -- Inchoative -- Konjunktiv -- Optativ -- Tense and aspect

Semantics of function words
Adversative coordination -- Anaphoric pronoun -- Antecedent -- Conjunction -- Connective -- Deictic pronoun -- Deixis -- Donkey anaphora -- Downward monotonicity -- Focus particle -- Generalized quantifier -- Negative polarity item

Associations

Gesellschaft für Semantik

Journals

Journal of Semantics
Semantics and Pragmatics

Book series

Explorations in Semantics (Blackwell)
Syntax and Semantics (Emerald)

Other ressources

Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics Semantics archive
Online-Wörterbuch zur Semantik und Pragmatik

Biographical articles

Gottlob Frege - John Lyons

This portal is maintained by Volker Gast. Please use the discussions tab or Email to enter your comments, critical remarks, or suggestions. Thank you.